Paternity Testing Process

Including the Mother in DNA Paternity Testing

When asked about including the mother in a DNA Paternity Test, many people respond by saying something like, "But I already know that she's the mother.  Why would I test her?"

But, having the mother submit her samples along with the child and possible father actually helps IDENTIGENE answer your paternity questions with more certainty.

Stronger Paternity Test Results


Including the biological mother in any DNA paternity test actually strengthens test results. Testing the mother's DNA increases the chance of a conclusive result for any DNA test—including DNA tests for paternity, siblings, or grandparents.

That’s why the mother is strongly encouraged participate in any IDENTIGENE Paternity Test at no additional cost.

How the Mother Strengthens Results


A Paternity Test checks up to 17 Genetic Systems (sometimes called markers or locations) looking for matches between the possible father and child. If he is the father, each location must show a match (with the exception of rare instances due to naturally occurring mutations).

2 Each match is assigned a number, a Relationship Index, which shows just how strong the match is:the higher the number, the stronger the match. All of the indexes are multiplied together to produce the Combined Paternity Index (CPI). If he is the biological father, the CPI must be at least 100 (at least 200 for immigration cases).

Paternity testing with just a father and a child usually produces a high CPI and a very high Probability of Paternity (usually 99.99% or greater if he is the father). However, somtimes the matches between father and child aren’t strong enough for conclusive results. In these rare cases, IDENTIGENE asks for the DNA samples of the biological mother. With the mother, DNA paternity testing almost always provides a strong, conclusive result. Even when results are already conclusive, including the mother strengthens the result.

A Paternity Test Example


Consider the following paternity test example:


In this case, the probability of paternity is only 98.99% (multiplying together all the relationship index numbers). The result is inconclusive because it must be greater than 99%—even though the father and child match at each location.

Now, let’s add the biological mother's sample to the DNA paternity test:


The probability of paternity increases to 99.90%—a conclusive result showing that the father really is the biological father of the child.

Why does including the mother help?


In the first example, all of the locations match, but we don't know which of the child's DNA markers comes from his mother and which comes from his father. Since the mother wasn’t tested, each relationship index is lower than it could be.

By testing the child's mother, we see which of the child's markers must have come from the father and this makes each match stronger. In the second table, the Relationship Index numbers are higher and the result is now conclusive because the Probability of Paternity is higher than 99%.

IMPORTANT: Including the biological mother in any DNA test, even grandparent DNA tests or sibling DNA testing, similarly strengthens the DNA test results.

If you have any questions about the IDENTIGENE DNA Paternity Test or any other DNA Testing questions, pelase contact us (Monday through Friday, 9 AM to 9 PM, ET).